Impact of Change in Allocation Score Methodology on Post Kidney Transplant Average Length of Stay

Hanadi Y. Hamadi, Hani M. Wadei, Jing Xu, Dayana Martinez, Aaron Spaulding, Shehzad K. Niazi, Tambi Jarmi


Background: In December 2014, a new Kidney Allocation System (KAS) was implemented nationwide to improve access and quality of care to historically disadvantaged patients. However, no study to date has examined the relationship between the KAS and potential changes in hospital length of stay (LOS). This study aimed to examine the relationship between the KAS implemented in December 2014 and potential changes in hospital LOS.

Methods: We used data from the Florida Agency for Health Care Administration on kidney transplant surgeries completed between 2011 and 2018. A cross-sectional cohort study design included seven hospitals that performed kidney transplants for the duration of the study. A propensity score matching approach was used to examine the relationship between KAS and LOS. All acute general medical and surgical hospitals in Florida that performed kidney transplant surgery were included in the analysis.

Results: We included 7,795 patients, 6,119 discharged to home, and 1,676 discharged to home with home health services after transplant. The average LOS prior to KAS was 6.52 days and 6.08 days post KAS. Propensity matched results show that patients transferred to home experienced a decrease in the LOS (coefficient (?) = -0.68; 95% confidence interval (CI): -0.95, -0.42) after the new allocation score was implemented. Similarly, patients transferred to home with home health experienced a decrease in the LOS (? = -1.90; 95% CI: -2.69, -1.11) after the new allocation was implemented.

Conclusion: In conclusion, results indicate that KAS implementation did not add a burden on the health system by increasing LOS when considering patients with similar characteristics before and after KAS implementation. KAS is an important policy change that appears to not negatively affect the LOS when sicker patients could receive a kidney transplant. Our findings improve our understanding of the KAS policy and its influence on the health system.

J Clin Med Res. 2022;14(3):111-118


Kidney transplantation; Inpatient stay; Organ procurement; Patient discharge; Propensity score; Hospitals

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