Novel Drugs and Combination Therapies for the Treatment of Metastatic Melanoma

Adarsh Vennepureddy, Nishitha Thumallapally, Vijeyaluxmy Motilal Nehru, Jean-Paul Atallah, Terenig Terjanian

Abstract


Metastatic melanoma (MM) still remains as one of the most worrisome cancer known to mankind. In last two decades, treatment of melanoma took a dramatic turn with the discovery of targeted therapy which targets the mutations in mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway and immune checkpoint inhibitors. These new findings have led to emergence of many novel drugs that have been approved by FDA. Targeted therapy drugs such as vemurafenib, trametinib and dabrafenib target the MAPK pathway whereas immunotherapies such as ipilimumab, nivolumab and pembrolizumab block immune checkpoint receptors on T lymphocytes. All these drugs have shown to improve the overall survival in MM. Despite these recent discoveries, treatment of MM remains challenging because of rapid development of resistance to targeted therapy. This review will discuss recently approved drugs and their adverse effects and also shed light on combination therapy in treatment of melanoma.




J Clin Med Res. 2016;8(2):63-75
doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.14740/jocmr2424w

Keywords


Metastatic melanoma; Targeted therapy; Immunotherapy; Combination therapy

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