Influence of Physical Activity Intervention on Circulating Soluble Receptor for Advanced Glycation end Products in Elderly Subjects

Kazuhiko Kotani, Russell Caccavello, Naoki Sakane, Toshiyuki Yamada, Nobuyuki Taniguchi, Alejandro Gugliucci

Abstract


Background: Inflammation, often accompanied by oxidation, caused by advanced glycation end products (AGEs) may be quenched by the soluble receptor for AGEs (sRAGE).  The present study aimed to investigate the influence of physical activity on circulating sRAGE, and the association between changes of circulating sRAGE and paraoxonase1 (PON1) activity (as an antioxidative enzyme) in a physical activity intervention study on an elderly subject cohort.

Methods: Serum sRAGE, PON1 activity and cardiometabolic variables were measured in 30 community-dwelling asymptomatic Japanese volunteers (15 men/15 women, mean age 65 years) in the pre- and post-phase of a 6-month interventional program designed to increase physical activity.

Results: The body mass index and sRAGE levels (1103 ± 496 to 1030 ± 437 ng/L, P < 0.05) were significantly reduced during the intervention period. In addition, the change of sRAGE was significantly and inversely correlated with that of PON1 activity, independent of the other cardiometabolic variables (beta = - 0.511, P < 0.01).

Conclusions: This study showed a reduction of sRAGE levels, and an inverse correlation between sRAGE and PON1 activity, after the intervention study increasing physical activity on an elderly population. These findings represent a modest but significant modulation of sRAGE by this type of exercise intervention, which warranted future studies on the clinical relevance of sRAGE changes in physical activity.




doi:10.4021/jocmr704w


Keywords


AGEs; RAGE; Paraoxonase1; Exercise; Atherosclerosis

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