The Prevalence and Associated Predictors for Diabetes Mellitus in Adult Patients With Thyroid Nodules

Hussain Alyousif, Mona A. Sid Ahmed, Ahmed M. Khair, Faisal H. Alharbi, Soha Hassan, Nusaiba M. Elbadwi, Imad R. Musa


Background: Diabetes mellitus (DM) and thyroid nodules (TNs) with the risk of malignancy are increasing globally. Hence, we conducted this study to evaluate the prevalence and the associated predictors for DM among adult patients with TNs in Royal Commission Hospital, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA).

Methods: A retrospective study was conducted between January 1, 2015 and December 31, 2021. Patients with documented TNs based on the American College of Radiology Thyroid Imaging Reporting and Data System (ACR TI-RADS) were recruited. Then the prevalence and associated risk factors for DM were assessed.

Result: Three hundred ninety-one patients who had TNs were recruited. The median (interquartile range (IQR)) age was 46.00 (20.0) years, and 332 (84.9%) of the patients were females. There was a high prevalence of DM (24.0%) among adult patients with TNs. In the univariate analysis, there were significant associations between diagnosed DM among adult patients with TNs and age, gender, 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) level, hypertension, bronchial asthma, free triiodothyronine (FT3), white blood cell count, low-density lipoprotein (LDL), high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and triglycerides. In the multivariate analysis, there were significant associations between diagnosed DM among adult patients with TNs and age (odds ratio (OR) 1.037 (95% confidence interval (CI) 1.012 - 1.062)), hypertension (OR 0.374 (95% CI 0.203 - 0.689)), FT3 level (OR 0.635 (95% CI 0.412 - 0.980)), LDL (OR 0.643 (95% CI 0.456 - 0.907)) and HDL (OR 0.654 (95% CI 0.465 - 0.919)).

Conclusion: There was a high prevalence of DM among patients with TNs. Age, hypertension, FT3, LDL and HDL were significantly associated with DM and TNs.

J Clin Med Res. 2023;15(3):166-173


Prevalence; Diabetes mellitus; Thyroid nodules; Predictors

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