The Association of Glomerular Filtration Rate With Echocardiographic Parameters in Chronic Kidney Disease

Mahmut Ozdemir, Ramazan Asoglu, Zeki Dogan, Nesim Aladag, Tayyar Akbulut, Mustafa Yurtdas


Background: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the primary cause of mortality and morbidity in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. Aortic propagation velocity (APV), epicardial fat thickness (EFT) and carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) measurements could provide additional information on assessing renal decline in CKD patients. The study aimed to evaluate EFT, AVP and CIMT in CKD patients and then investigate the association among those parameters.

Methods: A total of 170 CKD consecutive subjects were enrolled in the study. Patients were divided into five groups according to their estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) values. Each patient underwent complete transthoracic echocardiography examination. APV, EFT and CIMT were measured for analyses. A multivariate linear regression model was used for analysis to determine the independent predictors of eGFR.

Results: The lowest APV was observed in stage IV-V, and the highest APV was observed in stage I-II (P < 0.001). Stage IV-V patients had the highest EFT and stage I-II patients had the lowest EFT (P < 0.001). Moreover, the lowest CIMT was observed in stage III, and the highest CIMT was observed in stage V (P < 0.001). eGFR was significantly and positively correlated with APV and negatively correlated with EFT and CIMT. In multivariate analyses, APV (odds ratio (OR): 0.289, P < 0.001), EFT (OR: -0.135, P < 0.001) and CIMT (OR: -0.388, P < 0.001) were independent predictors of eGFR.

Conclusion: We found that APV decreased, and EFT and CIMT increased as CKD progress. The present study suggests that APV, EFT and CIMT might be incorporated with the examination of CKD patients in daily practice.

J Clin Med Res. 2021;13(2):121-129


Chronic kidney disease; Aortic propagation velocity; Epicardial fat thickness; Carotid intima-media thickness

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