Effects of Short-Term Hydroxychloroquine Plus Moxifloxacin Therapy on Corrected QT Interval and Tp-e Interval in Patients With COVID-19

Abdulmecit Afsin, Kenan Ecemis, Ramazan Asoglu

Abstract


Background: Limited data are available regarding hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) and moxifloxacin (MOX) in patients with possible coronavirus disease 2019, (COVID-19). Both drugs may increase risk of malignant ventricular arrhythmias associated with prolongation of QT interval.

Methods: A total of 76 subjects with chest tomography findings compatible with COVID-19 pneumonia were enrolled in the study. Standard 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) was repeated on days 2 and 5 in patients receiving a combination of HCQ + MOX. Heart rate, QT interval, Tp-e interval, and Tp-e/QT ratio were measured.

Results: The mean age of the patients was 61.7 ± 14.8 years and 54% had hypertension. Compared to day 2, ECG on day 5 showed significant increases in QT interval (370.8 ± 32.5 vs. 381.0 ± 29.3, respectively, P = 0.001), corrected QT (QTc) interval (424 (403 - 436) vs. 442 (420 - 468), respectively, P < 0.001), Tp-e interval (60 (55 - 70) vs. 65 (57 - 75), respectively, P < 0.001), cTp-e interval (72.2 ± 12.9 vs. 75.4 ± 12.7, respectively, P < 0.001). Moreover, a slight decrease in Tp-e/QT ratio was observed (0.17 ± 0.03 vs. 0.17 ± 0.02, P = 0.030). QTc was > 500 ms in 5% of the patients, and 8% of patients had an increase in QTc interval > 60 ms. Tp-e/QT ratio was > 0.23 in 4% of patients. Five patients died due to pulmonary failure without evidence of ventricular arrhythmia. No ventricular arrhythmia events, including torsades de pointes (TdP), were observed.

Conclusions: HCQ + MOX combination therapy led to increases in QTc interval, Tp-e interval, and cTp-e interval. However, this therapy did not cause ventricular arrhythmia in the short-term observation.




J Clin Med Res. 2020;12(9):604-611
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/jocmr4288

Keywords


Hydroxychloroquine; Moxifloxacin; QTc interval; cTp-e interval; Ventricular arrhythmia

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