Effects of Short-Term Hydroxychloroquine Plus Moxifloxacin Therapy on Corrected QT Interval and Tp-e Interval in Patients With COVID-19

Abdulmecit Afsin, Kenan Ecemis, Ramazan Asoglu


Background: Limited data are available regarding hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) and moxifloxacin (MOX) in patients with possible coronavirus disease 2019, (COVID-19). Both drugs may increase risk of malignant ventricular arrhythmias associated with prolongation of QT interval.

Methods: A total of 76 subjects with chest tomography findings compatible with COVID-19 pneumonia were enrolled in the study. Standard 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) was repeated on days 2 and 5 in patients receiving a combination of HCQ + MOX. Heart rate, QT interval, Tp-e interval, and Tp-e/QT ratio were measured.

Results: The mean age of the patients was 61.7 14.8 years and 54% had hypertension. Compared to day 2, ECG on day 5 showed significant increases in QT interval (370.8 32.5 vs. 381.0 29.3, respectively, P = 0.001), corrected QT (QTc) interval (424 (403 - 436) vs. 442 (420 - 468), respectively, P < 0.001), Tp-e interval (60 (55 - 70) vs. 65 (57 - 75), respectively, P < 0.001), cTp-e interval (72.2 12.9 vs. 75.4 12.7, respectively, P < 0.001). Moreover, a slight decrease in Tp-e/QT ratio was observed (0.17 0.03 vs. 0.17 0.02, P = 0.030). QTc was > 500 ms in 5% of the patients, and 8% of patients had an increase in QTc interval > 60 ms. Tp-e/QT ratio was > 0.23 in 4% of patients. Five patients died due to pulmonary failure without evidence of ventricular arrhythmia. No ventricular arrhythmia events, including torsades de pointes (TdP), were observed.

Conclusions: HCQ + MOX combination therapy led to increases in QTc interval, Tp-e interval, and cTp-e interval. However, this therapy did not cause ventricular arrhythmia in the short-term observation.

J Clin Med Res. 2020;12(9):604-611
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/jocmr4288


Hydroxychloroquine; Moxifloxacin; QTc interval; cTp-e interval; Ventricular arrhythmia

Full Text: HTML PDF

Browse  Journals  


Journal of Clinical Medicine Research

Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism

Journal of Clinical Gynecology and Obstetrics


World Journal of Oncology

Gastroenterology Research

Journal of Hematology


Journal of Medical Cases

Journal of Current Surgery

Clinical Infection and Immunity


Cardiology Research

World Journal of Nephrology and Urology

Cellular and Molecular Medicine Research


Journal of Neurology Research

International Journal of Clinical Pediatrics



Journal of Clinical Medicine Research, monthly, ISSN 1918-3003 (print), 1918-3011 (online), published by Elmer Press Inc.                     
The content of this site is intended for health care professionals.
This is an open-access journal distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, which permits unrestricted
non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Creative Commons Attribution license (Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International CC-BY-NC 4.0)

This journal follows the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommendations for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals,
the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines, and the Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing.

website: www.jocmr.org   editorial contact: editor@jocmr.org
Address: 9225 Leslie Street, Suite 201, Richmond Hill, Ontario, L4B 3H6, Canada

© Elmer Press Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Disclaimer: The views and opinions expressed in the published articles are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views or opinions of the editors and Elmer Press Inc. This website is provided for medical research and informational purposes only and does not constitute any medical advice or professional services. The information provided in this journal should not be used for diagnosis and treatment, those seeking medical advice should always consult with a licensed physician.