Effects of a Proactive Interdisciplinary Self-Management Program on Patient Self-Efficacy and Participation During Practice Nurse Consultations: A Randomized Controlled Trial in Type 2 Diabetes

Esther du Pon, Ad van Dooren, Nanne Kleefstra, Sandra van Dulmen


Background: Nowadays, patients with chronic conditions such as type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) need and want to be more active participants in their health care. This study aimed to investigate the effects of the Proactive Interdisciplinary Self-Management (PRISMA) training program on participation during consultations with practice nurses and self-efficacy of patients with T2DM in general practice.

Methods: Within a randomized controlled trial, patients were followed for 6 months. They received either PRISMA in addition to usual care or usual care only. Self-efficacy was assessed using the 5-item Perceived Efficacy in Patient-Physician Interactions (PEPPI-5) scale. Consultations were video-recorded and analyzed using the Roter interaction analysis system. Multilevel analysis was carried out.

Results: No differences in the PEPPI-5 were found between the intervention (n = 101) and control groups (n = 102) (U = 1,737.5, z = -0.2, P = 0.8). In addition, the groups did not differ in patient participation. However, patients who attended the PRISMA program expressed more counselling utterances (B = 0.22; standard error (SE) = 0.09).

Conclusions: PRISMA did not result in higher self-efficacy or patient participation during the consultation with practice nurses at 6 months. Possibly, two training sessions are insufficient and a more powerful intervention might be needed. However, the study showed indications that patients counselled themselves more frequently during the consultation. Practice nurses could stimulate patients who are already engaged in self-counselling by further specifying their goals of behavior change.

J Clin Med Res. 2020;12(2):79-89
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/jocmr3965


Patient-provider communication; Patient participation; Diabetes type 2; Group education; Self-efficacy; General practice

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