Epidemiological Profile of Hispanics Admitted With Acute Myocardial Infarction in Puerto Rico: The Experience of 2007, 2009 and 2011

Dagmar F. Hernandez-Suarez, Anthony D. Osterman-Pla, Onelys Carrasquillo, Juan Aranda, Stella Baez, Mariel Lopez, Enid J. Garcia-Rivera

Abstract


Background: A limited number of studies have been published about coronary artery disease in Hispanics, particularly among the Puerto Rican population. The aim of this study was to present a clinical epidemiological profile and management practices in patients hospitalized in Puerto Rico with acute myocardial infarction (AMI).

Methods: This secondary data analysis from the Puerto Rico Cardiovascular Surveillance Study included 6,162 patients at 19 hospitals in Puerto Rico, during years 2007, 2009 and 2011.

Results: The mean age of the patients diagnosed with AMI was 67 ± 13.6 years old, with women being older than men (P < 0.001). Women had a different risk factor burden when compared to men. Car/walked in was the principal mode of hospital transportation (65.9%). Women received less medications and cardiac procedures when compared to men. While no significant differences in length of hospital stay (LOS) were observed between genders, in-hospital mortality rate was higher in females when compared with males (6.5% vs. 4.5%; P < 0.001).

Conclusion: Prompt initiatives should be implemented to raise awareness, reduce gender disparities and improve outcomes in patients hospitalized with an AMI in Puerto Rico.




J Clin Med Res. 2017;9(6):528-533
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/jocmr2926w


Keywords


Acute myocardial infarction; Hispanics; Incidence; Population surveillance

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