Variability in Response to Hepatitis B Vaccine in Hemodialysis Patients

Elie El-Charabaty, Chadi Saifan, Majed Mark Samarneh, Suzanne El-Sayegh


Background: Hemodialysis patients are exposed to blood and blood products more than the general population and are also at higher risk for hepatitis B (HB) contamination. For these reasons, it is highly recommended that this patient population gets the HB vaccine. The efficacy of the vaccine is measured by measuring titers of antibody in the serum of the patient. A minimum titer of 10 mIU/mL is considered to be a response. The conversion rate in hemodialysis patients ranges from 50% to 80%, as compared to the general population where the conversion rate is over 95%. As opposed to the general population, end-stage renal patients on hemodialysis do not always respond to the vaccine. The main objective in this study was to try to identify factors that may hinder the response. Correction of these factors in the future may help non-responders.

Methods: This was a retrospective chart review at a single hemodialysis center to compare the laboratory and clinical differences between responders and non-responders. Inclusion criteria are hemodialysis patients who received the HB vaccine and patients with concomitant hepatitis C. Exclusion criteria are patients who refused the vaccine and patients who did not complete the vaccine course.

Results: There are a total of 108 subjects included in the study, out of which 44 (42.3%) are responders to the HB vaccine. A multivariate logistic regression was performed using the statistically significant risk factors as identified by the univariate logistic regression, including age range, albumin, hemodialysis vintage, vascular access and diabetes status. The results from the multivariate logistic regression show that advanced age (P = 0.005) and diabetes status (P = 0.003) are found to be strong independent risk factors of responder status. The type of vascular access (AVF or other types) is also marginally statistically significant (P = 0.05).

Conclusions: In this retrospective chart review comparing HB vaccine in responders versus non-responders, we found that advanced age and a history of diabetes are independent risk factors in predicting responder status.

J Clin Med Res. 2015;7(5):315-318


Hepatitis B vaccine; Hemodialysis

Full Text: HTML PDF

Browse  Journals  


Journal of Clinical Medicine Research

Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism

Journal of Clinical Gynecology and Obstetrics


World Journal of Oncology

Gastroenterology Research

Journal of Hematology


Journal of Medical Cases

Journal of Current Surgery

Clinical Infection and Immunity


Cardiology Research

World Journal of Nephrology and Urology

Cellular and Molecular Medicine Research


Journal of Neurology Research

International Journal of Clinical Pediatrics



Journal of Clinical Medicine Research, monthly, ISSN 1918-3003 (print), 1918-3011 (online), published by Elmer Press Inc.                     
The content of this site is intended for health care professionals.
This is an open-access journal distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, which permits unrestricted
non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Creative Commons Attribution license (Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International CC-BY-NC 4.0)

This journal follows the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommendations for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals,
the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines, and the Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing.

website:   editorial contact:
Address: 9225 Leslie Street, Suite 201, Richmond Hill, Ontario, L4B 3H6, Canada

© Elmer Press Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Disclaimer: The views and opinions expressed in the published articles are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views or opinions of the editors and Elmer Press Inc. This website is provided for medical research and informational purposes only and does not constitute any medical advice or professional services. The information provided in this journal should not be used for diagnosis and treatment, those seeking medical advice should always consult with a licensed physician.