Value of Twelfth Hour Bilirubin Level in Predicting Significant Hyperbilirubinemia in Preterm Infants

Izi Mayer, Tugba Gursoy, Mutlu Hayran, Secil Ercin, Fahri Ovali


Background: As hyperbilirubinemia is a significant cause of brain injury, it is important to predict the cases who are at risk. Data for preterm infants are scarce. The aim of this study is to predict significant hyperbilirubinemia in preterm infants by measuring capillary bilirubin at 12th hour of life.

Methods: One hundred and fifty neonates born <= 35 weeks were included in the study. They were categorized into two groups according to their birth weights (group 1: 1,000 - 1,499 g; group 2: 1,500 - 2,000 g). Their bilirubin levels were measured at 12th hour and daily thereafter for 5 days. Risk nomograms were generated based on their bilirubin measurements and postnatal ages. On the age-specific percentile-based nomogram, the zone above the 90th percentile was determined as high risk and those below the fifth percentile as low risk. Infants who had bilirubin levels over the limits defined according to their postnatal ages and birth weights were accepted to have significant hyperbilirubinemia and received phototherapy and predictive value of the 12th hour bilirubin was asssessed.

Results: Fifty-four of 57 infants (94.7%) in group 1 and 75/93 infants (80.7%) in group 2 received phototherapy. Capillary bilirubin levels of 3.55 mg/dL and 4.55 mg/dL for group 1 and group 2 measured at the 12th hour of life had the highest sensitivity, negative and positive predictive value to predict the neonates who will develop significant hyperbilirubinemia.

Conclusion: Bilirubin levels of preterm infants should be monitored closely. More attention should be paid to the ones who had 12th hour bilirubin level above the cutoff values.

J Clin Med Res. 2014;6(3):190-196


Hyperbilirubinemia; Neonate; Preterm; Phototherapy

Full Text: HTML PDF

Browse  Journals  


Journal of Clinical Medicine Research

Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism

Journal of Clinical Gynecology and Obstetrics


World Journal of Oncology

Gastroenterology Research

Journal of Hematology


Journal of Medical Cases

Journal of Current Surgery

Clinical Infection and Immunity


Cardiology Research

World Journal of Nephrology and Urology

Cellular and Molecular Medicine Research


Journal of Neurology Research

International Journal of Clinical Pediatrics



Journal of Clinical Medicine Research, monthly, ISSN 1918-3003 (print), 1918-3011 (online), published by Elmer Press Inc.                     
The content of this site is intended for health care professionals.
This is an open-access journal distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, which permits unrestricted
non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Creative Commons Attribution license (Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International CC-BY-NC 4.0)

This journal follows the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommendations for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals,
the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines, and the Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing.

website:   editorial contact:
Address: 9225 Leslie Street, Suite 201, Richmond Hill, Ontario, L4B 3H6, Canada

© Elmer Press Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Disclaimer: The views and opinions expressed in the published articles are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views or opinions of the editors and Elmer Press Inc. This website is provided for medical research and informational purposes only and does not constitute any medical advice or professional services. The information provided in this journal should not be used for diagnosis and treatment, those seeking medical advice should always consult with a licensed physician.