Deferasirox Reduces Oxidative Stress in Patients With Transfusion Dependency

Katsuyasu Saigo, Mari Kono, Yuri Takagi, Mariko Takenokuchi, Yasushi Hiramatsu, Hiroshi Tada, Terutoshi Hishita, Masahito Misawa, Shion Imoto, Shinsaku Imashuku

Abstract


Background: Iron chelation therapy is useful against the over-accumulation of iron and is expected to reduce oxidative stress resulting from the Fenton reaction and Haber-Weiss reaction. We monitored oxidative status and serum ferritin levels after in vivo administration of deferasirox (DFS) and studied the in vitro effects of iron chelators on neutrophil function.

Methods: Nine patients suffering from transfusion dependency were recruited for this study, and derivatives of reactive oxygen metabolite (dROM) tests to detect serum hydroperoxide levels were evaluated in addition to serum ferritin levels. Human neutrophil reactive oxygen species (ROS) production was determined with flow cytometry.

Results: Ferritin levels decreased after DFS treatment (P = 0.068), and a significant reduction in dROM levels was measured (P = 0.031). Fifty microM DFS significantly inhibited ROS production induced by fMLP in vitro (P < 0.0001), and tended to inhibit that induced by PMA. On the other hand, deferioxamine failed to inhibit ROS production even at high concentrations.

Conclusions: In vivo administration of DFS resulted in the reduction of oxidative stress, and this effect was considered to depend not only on a reduction in iron storage but also on the ability of DFS to inhibit neutrophil ROS production in vitro at clinically relevant plasma levels. Further studies are needed to examine the effects of iron chelators.




doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.4021/jocmr1180w


Keywords


Deferasirox; Oxidative stress; Ferritin; dROM; Neutrophil

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