Journal of Clinical Medicine Research, ISSN 1918-3003 print, 1918-3011 online, Open Access
Article copyright, the authors; Journal compilation copyright, J Clin Med Res and Elmer Press Inc
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Volume 9, Number 5, May 2017, pages 382-387

Gender Disparities in Osteoporosis


Table 1. Summary of the Osteoporosis Screening Recommendations
National Osteoporosis Foundation
International Society for Clinical Densitomety
Endocrine Society
All women > 65 years and postmenopausal women with risk factorsAll men > 70 years or men aged 50 - 69 years with risk factors
World Health Organization
American Association of Clinical Endocrinologist
United States Preventive Services Task Force
American Academy of Family Physicians
Women > 65 years oldNo recommendation
Canadian Osteoporosis SocietyWomen > 65 yearsMen > 65 years
American College of Physician
UK National Osteoporosis Guideline Group
Assess the risk factors and consider DXA scan for those at risk for osteoporosis


Table 2. Fracture Risk Prediction Using Different Technologies in Men and Women
TechnologyFractures risk prediction in menFractures risk prediction in women
Quantitative ultrasound (QUS)Non-vertebral and hip fractures only (men > 65 years old)Hip, vertebral and global fractures (postmenopausal only)
Peripheral DXA (pDXA)Lack of evidenceVertebral and global fractures- weaker than QUS (postmenopausal only)
Quantitative computer tomography (QCT)Lack of evidenceVertebral fractures only-as good as central DXA (postmenopausal only)
Peripheral QCT (pQCT)Lack of evidenceHip fractures only (postmenopausal only)