Journal of Clinical Medicine Research, ISSN 1918-3003 print, 1918-3011 online, Open Access
Article copyright, the authors; Journal compilation copyright, J Clin Med Res and Elmer Press Inc
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Original Article

Volume 6, Number 3, June 2014, pages 162-172

Researchers’ and Clinicians’ Perceptions of Recruiting Participants to Clinical Research: A Thematic Meta-Synthesis


Figure 1.
Figure 1. Search strategy and identification of studies included in the review.


Table 1. Recruitment Strategies Identified
Recruitment strategySpecific techniques
Emphasizing the potential benefitsTraining recruiters to focus on study highlights [33]
Neglecting to remind patients of randomization [32]
Advertising participation as the only way to access a particular treatment [34]
Focusing on elements important to each individual patient [47]
Exploring what could be offered in return for participation [42]
Offering flexible appointment dates and times [47]
Engendering patient supportAppealing to altruism [45, 47]
Mentioning the study at an early stage of treatment [32, 44, 45]
Providing positive messages about clinical equipoise and the importance of randomization [32, 45]
Discussing the research in an unhurried manner in a stress free environment [32, 34, 39, 48]
Recruiting in the community, rather than a clinical environment [37]
Having dedicated and knowledgeable recruiters [45]
Adapting recruitment strategies for individual patients [33, 34, 41, 47, 48]
Being culturally sensitive and inclusive [37, 40, 42]
Involving influential family or community members [47, 48]
Visibly advertising the study and providing information in an accessible way [45, 48]
Including stories from previous participants in the recruitment information [46, 47]
Participating in strategies to increase public awareness of clinical research [45]
Establishing effective systems for recruitersProviding regular research updates and reminders [34-36, 43, 46]
Offering incentives for good recruitment [34, 35, 44]
Allowing additional time for recruitment [46]
Ensuring researchers, not clinicians, are responsible for labor intensive aspects of recruitment, such as trawling records and databases [34]
Providing appropriate training [34, 36]